During the sanctions debate, US diplomats attempted to add the possibility of an international military intervention into the resolution. They called for using “all means necessary to protect civilians and installations” and in UN resolution terminology, this generally serves as a code for military action.
It failed after strong opposition from Russia. UN Ambassador Sergei Lavrov never forgot the legal trick used by the US and Britain to invade by claiming Iraq was in breach of the resolution of 1991. Russia has since then insisted that resolutions contain a clause specifically prohibiting the use of military force.
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